Essays and Other Writings by Voltairine de Cleyre



"Anarchism and the American Traditions"

"Why I am an Anarchist"


"The Dominant Idea"

"The Woman Question"

"Sex Slavery"

"Those Who Marry Do Ill"

"Direct Action"

"The Economic Tendency of Freethought"

"The Dawn-Light of Anarchy"

"The Philosophy of Selfishness and Metaphysical Ethics"

"A Correction" [on why she was not a communist anarchist]

"The Chain Gang"

"Our Present Attitude"

"The Economic Relations of Sex"

Two articles on communism: "A Glance at Communism" by VDC" and "The Individualist and the Communist: A Dialogue" by Rosa Slobodinsky and Voltairine de Cleyre

An Obituary by VDC showing her views about death and about good works on earth

"Voltairine on Domesticity, Jealousy and Abortion: Her Private Letter to Samuel H. Gordon" [Intro by Robert Helms]

The Selected Works of Voltairine de Cleyre [download as free pdf at Google Books archive] Her only book, published posthumously by Mother Earth Books in 1914.

Other works at Anarchy Archives

Other works at Online Philosophy Club

Other works at Libertarian Labyrinth

Descriptions and comparisons of anthologies of Voltairine's works: click here [Exquisite Rebel, The Voltairine de Cleyre Reader, and The Gates of Freedom ]



Poems by Voltairine


"The Gods and the People"

"Written In Red"

"Mary Wollstonecraft"

"John Altgeld"

Click for Poem page for the selections above


Additional poems at Recollection Books

Additional poems at The Anarchist Library


More poems by VDC can be found in the book Written in Red: Selected Poems published by Charles H. Kerr Publishing Company. Available from:

AK Press





Where The White Rose Died



Essays and Commentary about Voltairine


"No Authority But Oneself: The Anarchist Feminist Philosophy of Autonomy and Freedom," Social Anarchism, v. 27, Fall/Winter, 2000 [This is a longer version of the essay by Sharon Presley that appears in Exquisite Rebel describing Voltairine's feminist ideas in the context of the time]

"Commemoration of Voltairine de Cleyre's Death" by Paul Avrich

"Commemoration of Voltairine de Cleyre's Birth " —various

"Voltairine De Cleyre: A Biographical Sketch" by Chris Crass

"Voltairine de Cleyre: Anarchist Without Adjectives" by Sara Baase

"Voltairine de Cleyre" by Emma Goldman

"Voltairine de Cleyre: Pentinent Priestess of Anarchism" by Jeff Riggenbach

"Voltairine de Cleyre" by S.E. Parker



For other essays by and about Voltairine de Cleyre, see the excellent collection at The Anarchy Archives at Pitzer College


Articles by or about Other Women Resisters to Authority


"Feminism in Liberty: the 'Woman Question' in the Pages of Liberty, 1881-1908," by Sharon Presley in Benjamin R.Tucker and the Champions of Liberty: A Centenary Anthology, Coughlin Publishers, 1987.

"Suzanne La Follette: The Free Woman" by Sharon Presley

"Government is Women's Enemy" by Sharon Presley and Lynn Kinsky

"Patriotism" by Emma Goldman

Also see Emma Goldman Papers

Also see Facebook page for Women Resisters to Authority

Outline of ongoing project on American women resisters to authority by Sharon Presley


Other Resources

Women Without Superstition: No Gods-No Masters: The Collected Writings of Women Freethinkers of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries by Annie Laurie Gaylor

Mother Earth Vol. 1 [Emma Goldman's periodical, available as free pdf at Google Books Archive



Reviews of Books about American Women Resisters:


Women Without Superstition: The Collected Works of Women Freethinkers of the 19th and 20th centuries, a book review in The Truth Seeker, 125th Anniversary Edition, Vol. 125, No. 1, 1998

The American Life of Ernestine L. Rose, a book review in The Truth Seeker, Vol. 126, No. 1, 1999